How to Not Get Attacked by a Bear

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From the mountains of Maryland to the swamps of Florida to the snowy peaks of the U.S. West, bears are making a comeback.

Thanks to regulated hunting and more habitat, “there’s a pretty dramatic increase in bear populations across the U.S., and people are going to be encountering bears more and more,” says Dave Garshelis, bear project leader at the Minnesota Department of
 Natural Resources. (Related: “Black Bears Are Rebounding—What Does That Mean For People?”)

In August, a grizzly bear killed a hiker in Yellowstone National Park—a tragic yet extremely rare event, experts say. The chances of being injured by a bear are approximately 1 in 2.1 million, according to the National Park Service. In other words, you’re more likely to be killed by a bee than a bear.

Living With the Wild. As bear populations rebound across the United States, and as people increasingly move into their habitat, bear-human run-ins are inevitable. This is one of several stories asking: How do we live with the predators?

To gain more insight into bear attacks and how to prevent them, scientists recently completed a study—not yet published—examining 675

Cute New Photo Shows Panda Cub Napping,

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Panda Cub Naps in New Photo

Now weighing in at 1.9 pounds, mom Mei Xiang’s little cub is getting too big for her to pick up with her mouth. The National Zoo released a sweet new photo of the panda cub napping this week. He’s getting more adorable as the weeks go on, gaining his black markings and looking more like a panda. His keepers say his black saddle looks just like his dad, Tian Tian’s. They’ve also observed that he likes to sleep with his paw over his eye — something both his dad and his big sister, Bao Bao, like to do, too. The cub’s eyes are still closed, and like many infants, he spends much of his days sleeping. That’s allowed mom to venture out of her den a bit more and take some time to eat one of her favorite foods: a pear. — Follow the cub’s progress at Facebook

New Study Compares Wolves and Dogs

In an experiment, researchers put sausage into closed Tupperware containers and compared the responses of wolves and dogs. They found that the wolves

Pet Scoop Loyal Dog Stands By Trapped Pal for a Week Feeders Linked to Illness in Birds

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Missing Dogs Found Side-by-Side

Tillie, a Setter mix, has proved the true meaning of friendship. She stood guard for nearly a week when her Basset Hound best friend, Phoebe, got stuck in an old cistern in Vashon Island, Washington. The dogs’ owners reported them missing, and they were tracked down by Vashon Island Pet Protectors, who spread their photos widely using social media. When a resident called to say they’d spotted a dog who fit Tillie’s description on their property for a few days, volunteers with VIPP went to investigate. “So with a needle in the haystack hope, we made our way into the ravine and after a bit of searching, finally heard that sweet sound we have been waiting for all week: a small one-woof response when we called out ‘Tillie,’” VIPP wrote on its Facebook page. A few minutes later, they found her lying beside the old water tank, resting her head on the concrete — and Phoebe was inside. Tillie had stuck with Phoebe the whole time, only leaving for a few minutes a day to try to find

The Common and Costliest Pet Insurance Claims of Today

Since 2006 when the pet insurance industry began to modernize in the US, the number of pet owners taking an insurance cover has continued to increase. By 2010, the total number of pet insurance covers was over a million, while in 2015 the number was even higher. While much of the growth in the subscription can be attributed to the expanding industry, many readily agree that the rising medical bills were another hard-hitting factor.

About the weighty Veterinary Bill

Talking about the fast-rising veterinary bills, almost every financial year, pet insurance firms and pundits including https://www.petinsuranceu.com analyse and release the data pertaining several factors in the industry. Veterinary Pet Insurance (VPI) and trupanion are two of the greatest pet insurance providers. Similar to the other firms, they have their list of the costliest pet insurance claims per year.

The Costly Claims

Before you have a look at these costly benefits, it is highly important to note that dog-related claims significantly differ from the cat’s claims. The two are perhaps the leading pets in many households and are covered by all the insurance service providers. Their respective claims can run into thousands of

Teenager infected with rat-bite fever from her pet rodent

A 17-year-old woman was infected with the rare, but treatable rat-bite fever, that developed from pet rodents that lived in her bedroom, report the doctors who treated her in the online journal BMJ Case Reports.

Rat-bite fever has been reported in writings dating as far back as 2300 years. It was originally described as a disease of the poor, but these days most cases occur in lab workers or in children with pet rodents.

The condition is often goes unrecognised and undiagnosed. Only 200 cases of rat-bite fever have been recorded in the USA since 1839.

Most cases of rat-bite fever involve a bite or scratch from a rodent, but there are several reports of infection without direct bacterial inoculation.

The young woman was admitted to hospital with pain in her right hip and lower back that had continued for two days and led to immobility. Over the proceeding two weeks, she had an intermittent fever, nausea and vomiting, and a pink rash on her hands and feet.

Her nausea and vomiting improved, but the fever continued, and she had tenderness of a joint in her pelvis, and pain in her right leg.

The doctors learnt that the woman had numerous pets including

How You Can Help Fight Animal Cruelty

Animal cruelty is something that is close to many people’s hearts. Many think of it as an abuse that is akin to child abuse, since animals are also defenseless against the hands or neglect of humans.

It tends to rouse similar anger and outrage as well, and there are now many agencies that are set up to help prevent animal cruelty, and also shelters where rescued animals find solace and comfort from their abusive or neglectful environments.

Years ago, there were not even any laws set up to protect animals from abuse, and abusers were able to get away with doing just about anything they wanted without consequence.

Now, there are animal protection laws set up in almost every state, and if you are found guilty of inhumane treatment of an animal, you are subject to anything from fines to community service, to jail time.

While we’ve come a long way in legislating animal protection laws, there is still room for improvement, as they are not stiff enough penalties in most people’s eyes, and it seems that it’s still taken rather lightly.

While I’m not aligned with the extreme mentality of animal rights groups that preach vegetarianism and use tactics that I don’t deem appropriate

Pepper Spray to get rid of attackers

Pepper spray is a kind of self defense product. Pepper spray was originally invented by a mailman who has to deal with unfriendly dogs during his work. Pepper spray is a chemical compounds that is used for self defense against attackers and animals. The attackers are generally drug abusersScience Articles, drunkers and rapists. The effect of pepper spray differs from man to man based on their tolerance capacity. It causes irritability to eyes in the form of tears and pain. The composition of spray includes oleoresin capsicum and OC gas. It is a powerful weapon for self defense for man and woman both. Now a days the policemen also uses this spray on their duty. Pepper sprays are very easy to use. The attacker is on the ground after three minutes if you use pepper say. Pepper spray is very easy to acquire also because you do not need any registration for that.

The effects of pepper spray are very serious that includes: Temporary blindness which can remain for twenty to thirty minutes.

Immediate closing of eyes.

Difficulty in breathing that can last for three to ten minutes.

Difficulty in speaking.

Uncontrolled cough.

Runny nose.

Burning sensation of skin.

Pepper spray are very small

Favorite Stuffed Animal Toys

The stuffed animal satisfies the kids as well as the adults who are been attracted by the functionality and funny of this toy. And it is considered as the one of the favorite toy designed especially by the kids. Some youngsters also use to possess these type of stuffed animals like teddy bears and also been gifted as the token of affection to their friends. The loved one feels happier when stuffed animal is been presented as gift.  These toys are been provided the facility of cleaning if it gets dirty while playing with it. The manufacturer provides all the safety and cleansing information in order to maintain the toy good looking and everlasting. And it is suggested to clean the stuffed animal using the drier or even with a washer.  Or even soap is also recommended to wash these toys.

These toys do not have the legs and is designed or make it walk able using some technical terms. And prior to washing of these toys it is recommended to check whether there is a loose component which may get destructed while washing. These are concerned with special care so that it exists for a long period of time.  Many

Supplies Your Pet Bird Needs

No matter what kind of pets you have, they are a lot of responsibility, and you need to make sure you buy everything you need to care for them. Even small pets like birds or fish need more than food and water to make them happy and content. If you are thinking about buying a bird, here are some of the items you will need to properly care for them.

Your Bird’s Cage

Whether you purchase a small bird like a finch or a parakeet or a larger bird like a parrot, you will need to buy a cage to house them. Although some birds will spend time outside of their cage, most birds will live in it all of the time. A cage should be large enough to allow your bird to flap their wings or, for smaller birds, to hop or flit around it. It should also fit their feeder, water, and toys comfortably, but it shouldn’t be so big that it intimidates shyer birds.

Bar spacing is important when it comes to purchasing your bird a proper cage. The bars should be narrow enough to prevent your bird from putting its head through the bars, but wide enough to easily

Animal Spirit Wisdom

Animal Spirit Wisdom

To our past ancestors, the animal held great spiritual power and symbolic meaning. In Native American culture, mythology and ancient civilizations, each animal is embodied with its own symbolic meaning and held its own unique spiritual power.
A particular animal crossing your path had deep significance to your life and indeed a strong message to impart. The presence of animal wisdom may appear to you in a dream, on the physical plane or intuitively.

The Butterfly

The butterfly is the symbol of metamorphosis and transformation.
The symbol of new life, letting go of old cycles and finding your true inner expression.
The butterfly calls you to expand your awareness, spread your wings and call forth your inner joy.
Let go of limitations, and free yourself to express your own beauty within.

It is the time of spiritual transitions. Symbolic of moving from one phase of life to the next reaching higher, reaching outward, leaving the safety of the cocoon and finding your own place among the flowers of life.
Allowing the wind to carry you forward to your goals and dreams.
A time of self-discovery rebirth. The butterfly shows you the beauty within.
Go forth with joy.
Affirmation

I recognize my true

The Animal Control Officer Who Wants Cash

On the heels of pet-flipping comes the latest ruse facing dog owners: Scammers posing as animal control officers.

It’s occurred sporadically but not extensively in the past.  Now it seems on the rebound – at least in retiree-rich South Florida. TV station WPTV reports a case in which a couple living in an over-55 community lost $550 to an imposter claiming there had been complaints about the couple’s dog.  He threatened to impound the pooch unless they immediately paid. They obliged.

“He had a badge, had an ID, gave us a business card and represented himself completely as being part of an independent company for animal care and control,” said the community’s HOA president.

If you’re approached the same way, don’t be fooled. Better to make a quick call to the local Animal Control department – or its reported vendors – to check such claims, no matter what paper “proof” of authority is represented.

“If anybody comes to your house and says give me money. I’m from the county. I’m going to take your dog. That’s not us,” said an official with Palm Beach County Animal Care and Control Operations.

Five Safety Tips for Avoiding a Collision With an Animal

Collisions with animals are a serious problem across the United States. The Insurance Information Institute estimates that there are more than 1.6 million vehicle collisions with deer each year, resulting in over $4.6 billion in vehicle damage, medical costs and other expenses.

See also: Aggressive Drivers — What Can You Do?

Knowing the following information about animal collisions can help you reduce your risk.

  1. If an animal jumps out in front of you, do not swerve, but brake quickly.
  2. In most cases, hitting the animal will cause less damage than hitting another vehicle or tree.
  3. Be especially alert at dusk and dawn when visibility can be reduced; 90 percent of collisions with animals occur at these times.
  4. Deer activity peaks from October to December; nearly half of deer collisions happen during these months.
  5. Wooded areas are likely crossing spots for animals, and many, like deer, travel together, so expect more than one animal to cross the road.

What if I hit an animal?

  • Call local law enforcement if you have a

Animal without synapses feeds by external digestion using global local cellular control

A multicellular marine animal without organs, Trichoplax‘s feeding behavior may include cellular coordination, resulting in external food digestion, according to a study published September 2, 2015 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Carolyn Smith and colleagues from the National Institute of Health in Bethesda, MD.

Trichoplax is a small, disk-shaped marine metazoan animal without recognizable neurons and muscles that moves using hair-like cilia. Despite having only six cell types, whereas humans have about 200, and no nervous system, Trichoplax appears to coordinate a complex sequence of behaviors culminating in external digestion of algae. The authors of this study combined live cell imaging with electron microscopy to observe Trichoplax feeding behavior at scales ranging from the whole animal to subcellular.

They observed that when Trichoplax glides over a patch of algae, its cilia stop beating and it ceases moving, which indicates its ability to control its the entire body. The authors then found that cells of a certain cell type, called lipophils, simultaneously secretes granules whose contents rapidly break down the algae. This secretion appears to be targeted, indicating that the organism has local control, as only lipophils near algae released the granules. Trichoplax also appeared to pause while

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Ancient Super Predators Could Take Down Young Mammoths

5-year-old mastodon weighing more than a ton. And in packs, the predators may have been equipped to demolish a 9-year-old mastodon weighing a hefty 2 tons.

That’s according to new computer models that can calculate how big a target an ancient hypercarnivore, such as the cave hyena and the saber-toothed cat that rely solely on meat for sustenance, might have tackled, researchers say.

These findings show how ancient super-predators far larger than the wolves, lions and hyenas of today once kept megaherbivores such as mammoths, mastodons and giant ground sloths in check, researchers said. [Photos: Autopsy of a 40,000-Year-Old Mammoth]

“The probable role these large predators played in maintaining stable ecosystems hasn’t been recognized until now,” said the study’s lead author, Blaire Van Valkenburgh, an evolutionary biologist at the University of California, Los Angeles.

Herbivores in check

Nowadays large herbivores such as elephants and white-tailed deer can have devastating effects on the environment by stripping it of vegetation through overgrazing (eating ground plants) or overbrowsing (eating leaves off trees). This brings up the question of what prevented widespread habitat destruction in the Pleistocene epoch, which lasted from about 1 million to 11,000 years ago. Back then, a much greater diversity of megaherbivores — plant-eaters 1,760

Invasive brood parasites a threat to native bird species

North Americans might be seeing new species of birds in certain areas of the continent in the near future. According to research conducted by a psychology professor at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, and his co-authors, Eurasian birds are beginning to develop a presence on our continent, which could end up having a negative effect on native species.

Vladimir Dinets, research assistant professor of psychology, recently published a paper in the Journal of Field Ornithology examining the threats of global warming and its effects on wild animals. The warming climate is allowing various species in North America and Eurasia to get closer to, and even cross, the Bering Strait, a natural barrier only 50 miles wide. Birds from Eurasia, in particular, are crossing into North America.

Dinets, who has traveled extensively on both sides of the Bering Strait, notes that in the past 20 years, the vegetation of the region has changed dramatically. What used to be hundreds of miles of open tundra is now dense shrubland. And more southern bird species use this change to colonize new areas. For example, the savanna sparrow has recently begun breeding in Siberia, while the great spotted woodpecker has made it to

China’s protection of giant pandas good for other species too

Chinese conservation measures to protect the charismatic giant panda in the wild have also benefitted other threatened species, including birds, mammals and amphibians, according to new Duke University-led study.

“China has spectacular protected areas with exceptional numbers of species found nowhere else on Earth,” said Stuart L. Pimm, Doris Duke Professor of Conservation Ecology at Duke. “The giant panda is the most famous of these — a global conservation icon. We wanted to know whether it serves as a protective umbrella for other species. We found that the giant panda’s geographical range overlaps with 70 percent of forest bird species, 70 percent of forest mammals, and 31 percent of forest amphibian species found only in mainland China.”

But the study also identifies other high-priority species and conservation areas that have so far been neglected.

“There are gaps in the coverage of some species,” said Binbin Li, the paper’s lead author and a Ph.D. student working with Pimm. “Our study provides recommendations for which other areas in China should be set aside to protect species most effectively and efficiently.”

Li and Pimm published their study Sept. 16 in the journal Conservation Biology.

Li works in nature preserves in the Min Shan Mountains of

Saving the last groups of wild Sumatran rhinoceros

Researchers from the University of Massachusetts Amherst and the Wildlife Conservation Society’s (WCS) Indonesia Program carried out an island-wide survey of the last wild population of Sumatran rhinoceros, and now recommend that wildlife conservation managers consolidate the small population, provide strong protection for the animals, determine the percent of breeding females remaining and “recognize the cost of doing nothing.”

Lead author Wulan Pusparini, a UMass Amherst environmental conservation doctoral student who also works for the WCS, says the new study provides vital data to support a final attempt to prevent the Sumatran rhino’s extinction. She notes, “Sumatran rhinos can still be saved in the wild, but we must secure these protection zones, which would require significant investments in additional law enforcement personnel.”

The study for the first time identifies priority forest protection zones “irreplaceable for saving the critically endangered species,” the authors say, and identifies small and scattered populations that should be consolidated if they are to become viable. Details appear in the current issue of PLOS ONE.

Bambang Dahono Adji, director of biodiversity conservation at the Indonesian Ministry of Environmental and Forestry and chair of the country’s Joint Rhino Conservation Secretariat, says, “We welcome these important new results in

How the chameleon climbed to the top of the tree

The chameleon’s exceptional tree-climbing ability is dependent on vital ball-and-socket joints in its wrists and ankles, according to research published in the open access journal BMC Evolutionary Biology. The study also finds that chameleons have twice the number of wrist and ankle skeletal elements than previously thought, and explains how they evolved to live in the trees.

No other living reptile is as well adapted to a tree-climbing lifestyle as the chameleon. One of the animal’s most distinctive traits is its ‘two-toed’ feet, which are actually bundles of digits bound together by connected tissue, similar to duck feet and bat wings. This hand and foot shape aids in precision, security and mobility in the tree environment, relying on gripping branches rather than the use of claws and specialized skin as in other lizards.

To find out more about these unique adaptations and how they develop, researchers studied embryos of the Veiled Chameleon (Chamaeleo calyptratus) collected at various time points.

The species has a particularly slow rate of embryo development (around 200 days) allowing the team to gain detailed insights into the development of its hands, feet and limbs, and compare them with eight other chameleon species and two non-chameleon lizards.

Lead

Pre reptile may be earliest known to walk upright on all fours

A newly published analysis of the bones of Bunostegos akokanensis, a 260-million-year-old pre-reptile, finds that it likely stood upright on all-fours, like a cow or a hippo, making it the earliest known creature to do so.

To date all of the known pareiasaurs who roved the supercontinent of Pangea in the Permian era a quarter of a billion years ago were sprawlers whose limbs would jut out from the side of the body and then continue out or slant down from the elbow (like some modern lizards). Morgan Turner, lead author of the study in the Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, expected Bunostegos would be a sprawler, too, but the bones of the animal’s forelimbs tell a different story.

“A lot of the animals that lived around the time had a similar upright or semi-upright hind limb posture, but what’s interesting and special about Bunostegos is the forelimb, in that it’s anatomy is sprawling-precluding and seemingly directed underneath its body–unlike anything else at the time,” said Turner who performed the analysis under the supervision of Professor Christian Sidor while a student at the University of Washington. Now Turner is a graduate student at Brown University. “The elements and features within

World’s turtles face plastic deluge danger

An international study led by a University of Queensland researcher has revealed more than half the world’s sea turtles have ingested plastic or other human rubbish.

The study, led by Dr Qamar Schuyler from UQ’s School of Biological Sciences, found the east coasts of Australia and North America, Southeast Asia, southern Africa, and Hawaii were particularly dangerous for turtles due to a combination of debris loads and high species diversity.

“The results indicate that approximately 52 per cent of turtles world-wide have eaten debris,” Dr Schuyler said.

The study examined threats to six marine turtle species from an estimated four million to 12 million tonnes of plastic which enter the oceans annually.

Plastic ingestion can kill turtles by blocking the gut or piercing the gut wall, and can cause other problems through the release of toxic chemicals into the animals’ tissues.

“Australia and North America are lucky to host a number of turtle species, but we also therefore have a responsibility to look after our endangered wildlife,” Dr Schuyler said.

“One way to do that is to reduce the amount of debris entering the oceans via our rivers and coastlines.”

A previous study by Dr Schuyler and colleagues showed that plastics and other litter

A lifeline for Sumatran rhinos

The Sumatran rhino — one of the most critically endangered mammals on the planet — may have just received a lifeline.

A new scientific publication from WCS and the University of Massachusetts — Amherst (UMass) applies an enhanced population survey technique to identify, for the first time, priority forest patches for intensive rhino protection of the remaining populations of Sumatran Rhino — one of the most endangered large mammals on the planet. The paper is published in the September 16th edition of the open-access journal Public Library of Science (PLOS ONE) and provides vital data to support a final attempt to prevent the extinction of the Sumatran rhino.

The Sumatran rhino once ranged from northeast India to Indonesian Borneo and may have numbered in the tens of thousands only 200 years ago. However, the unyielding demand for rhino horn in traditional Chinese medicine has reduced this species to perhaps less than 100 wild individuals, with no viable populations occurring outside of the Indonesian island of Sumatra.

The study provides urgently needed information on where the remaining rhinos are distributed. Using rhino sign data collected in 3 presumed strongholds covering more than 3 million ha, a spatially-explicit habitat model was developed.

Why morphology matters in flowers’ pulling power

Many orchids are masters of sexual deception, tricking male insects into pollinating their flowers by producing chemicals that precisely mimic female insects’ sex pheromones. Now, ecologists have discovered that orchids dupe male insects by mimicking how female insects look, as well as how they smell. The study — the first to experimentally investigate the role of flower shape and size in sexually deceptive orchids — is published in the British Ecological Society’s journal Functional Ecology.

Ecologists know a great deal about sexually deceptive orchids’ remarkable olfactory mimicry. Much less is known, however, about whether an orchid flower’s morphology matters.

According to lead author of the study, Dr Marinus De Jager of Stellenbosch University: “Since the discovery that the floral scent of these remarkable orchids mimics female sex pheromones, many of these compounds have been made in the laboratory. When you apply these chemicals to objects — even objects that look nothing like female insects — males will attempt to mate with them, so many people assumed that scent is all that matters.”

Together with Professor Rod Peakall of Australian National University, he decided to test this assumption by taking advantage of an experiment already designed by nature.

Australia is home to